FNL FDLR LRA PDF

The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. An ethnic Hutu group opposed to the ethnic Tutsi influence, the FDLR is one .. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF); Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); Nationalist and Integrationist Front ( FNI). The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) is the largest illegal The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a Ugandan rebel group currently based The National Liberation Forces (FNL) is a Burundian rebel group originally. processing industries and consumers of mineral products originating in Congo, and specifically demanded that the FDLR, LRA, FNL, Allied Democratic Forces.

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It was stated that if all of the FDLR commanders, who are believed to control about 10, militants, disarmed and returned, a key source of cross-border tensions would be removed. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonwho had made protecting civilians and combating sexual violence central themes of his presidency, was reported to be outraged by the attack. Its current strength is estimated to be combatants. In Augustthe Congolese military announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the FDLR, prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Rwanda.

Atul Khare, deputy head of the U. The Group further commented that “The attack at Busurungi on 10 May was conducted in clear violation of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

The FDLR had attacked several other villages in the preceding weeks and clashes occurred between FDLR forces and the Congolese Army, during which government forces are reported to have lost men killed and wounded.

Their trial is the fdllr to be held in Germany for crimes against this law. Retrieved from ” https: Archived copy as title Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Pages using deprecated image syntax War faction articles using ambiguous parameters Articles containing French-language text.

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This was in September In October the International Crisis Group said that the group’s military forces had dropped from an estimated fdlf, in to 6—7, then, organised into four battalions and a reserve brigade in North Kivu and four battalions in South Kivu.

Army for the Liberation of Rwanda. Kibua civilian and Kalonge military. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat Reportedly, the attacks were also perpetrated by the Special Company under the command of Capt Mugisha Vainquer.

This article needs to be updated. The ADF was formed around by a merger of various streams of discontented fslr of Ugandan society which felt alienated after the overthrow of Idi Amin.

Archived from the original on In mid, a number of attacks forced 25, Congolese to la their homes. Retrieved 19 November Alliances sometimes changed dramatically over the course of the wars.

13. Demands that all armed groups, in particular the FDLR, the LRA, Mai Mai Y…

The website is now cnl by the Italian provider Register. The trial for Murwanashyaka and Musoni began on May 4, before the Oberlandesgericht in Stuttgart. While most of the FNL integrated into the national Burundian army after the elections in mid the remnants restarted rebel activities.

Gerard Prunier presents a different picture to the ICG’s assessment. They later started lea the Ruzizi plains and Lake Tanganyika and crossed into South Kivu where they created rear bases to fight the Burundian armed forces.

The ALiR is currently listed on the U. Its public purpose is to use military pressure to open “inter-Rwandan dialogue” with the current Rwandan government, but its covert purpose appears to be to overthrow the Rwandan government. Retrieved 16 April While there is currently a growing number of Congolese among their ranks, the group is primarily formed from members of the Rwandan government and army ousted in as well as Rwandan refugees. Some information received by the Group indicated that the operation was supported by an FDLR commando unit.

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Retrieved 24 August Print Email Twitter Facebook. The talks held in RomeItaly were mediated by Sant’Egidio. Under an agreement reached in August, the rebels had pledged to leave Congo by September The warrant alleges that Mbarushimana was part of a plan to create a humanitarian catastrophe to extract concessions of political power for the FDLR.

The Foreign Armed Groups | MONUSCO

Following several days of talks with Congolese government representatives, the FDLR announced on 31 March that they were abandoning their armed struggle and returning to Rwanda as a political party. The group appears to be receiving external funding from unknown sources.

Even after the official end of the Second Congo War inFDLR units continued to attack Tutsi forces both in eastern DRC and across the border into Rwanda, vastly increasing tensions in the region and raising the possibility of another Rwandan offensive into the DRC — what would be their third since The active and illegal foreign armed groups operating on the soil of the DR Congo include the following:.

What is the rule of law? According to the U. Some groups may be associated with multiple, ostensibly opposed factions. It also said that ‘about the same number’ of Rwandan citizens, family members of combatants, and unrelated refugees remained behind FDLR lines in separate communities.