participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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The decree that created Rio dos Frades RVS refers to the concept of natural monument applied to biological aspects, since it intends to “preserve natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty”. Thus, the delimitation of protected areas emerged as a response to international criticism, and many of these initiatives excluded and sometimes expelled local populations.
However, the current study is not interested in discussing this differentiation; thus, it is important to keep in mind that only the protected areas in the form of conservation units are herein analyzed. This context – starting from sjuc category origin, passing through the concepts 998 in the pei of federal RVS, and coming to the everyday management of these CUs – generates difficulties due to the lack of regulation to the category.
The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. Revista dos Tribunais,p.
SNUC – Leis de Crimes Ambientais by Elder Santos on Prezi
They found that preservationism is still the most frequent trend; however, part of the technicians incorporate precepts from the other trends.
There are no guarantees that this is the right way, but there is not always necessarily only one way. However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an unviable category. The peculiarity of this category, which is shared only with Natural Monuments, lies on the fact that, by being a full protection category, it does not involve land expropriation once the activities held within the properties are compatible with the Unit creation goals.
The big difference lies on the purpose of the protected areas and on the fact that the exclusive prerogative of Conservation Units is conserving the nature. It raises hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation of federal RVS and about the possible meaning managers attribute to this category. Acesso em 23 jun.
Efforts to diagnose the productive rationality of landowners inserted in RVS as well as to properly manage – through the expropriations provided by law – the lands where this rationality is not compatible with the CU may constitute the first steps towards the RVS effectiveness.
However, the international debates had some influence in Brazil, so that one of the goals of the Second National Development Plan was “achieving development without deteriorating the quality of life and, especially, without devastating the national heritage of natural resources” MEDEIROS,p. According to Gabeira, it began to be described as the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence and reproduction of species or communities” SOUZA,Annex A.
In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall environment, and it is also related to small areas. In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use. However, the GT creation process dates back to and it is currently listed as “inactive” on the Ministry’s website.
It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. It is just a matter of time. The units were created according to policies that encouraged environmental devastation “sometimes on behalf of the development, sometimes as a result of the abandonment of territorial planning, sometimes as a consequence of the pursuit for national integration, or as a result of the most absolute administrative negligence” OLIVEIRA,p.
SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS.
Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm. Thus, preservationism and conservationism began to share space. By making a more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research. Despite the concept change that may be occurring, the RVS management barriers remain, and they are often caused by the preservationist trend predominance even at higher ICMBio levels.
According to Drummond and Barros-Platiauthe Forest Code and the Wildlife Code were responsible for llei future CU categories of full protection and sustainable use, since they envisioned protected areas that could not be used national, state and local parks and biological reserves as well as those where the direct use was allowed national forests and hunting parks.
The current study sought to demonstrate that the Cartesian formations and concepts inherent to the contemporary society tend not to allow one to see the possibility of coexistence between the goal of natural resources full protection and the presence of productive human activities. Thus, the difficulty to accept and live with constraints and determinations based on intangible needs, which are often specially geared to the common good lie contrary to the hegemonic rationality, is somewhat understandable.
In addition, one of the opinions reflects 99985 impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation. In other words, the focus shifted from species and communities to the environment.
The Third World Congress on National Parks was held in and it started the debate about a policy able to correlate regional, state and national development, local populations, natural resources and environment in the management of protected areas. According to the bill BRASIL,the RVS must snuf conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna. It is worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation znuc however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC.
The authors point to a “mixed” environmentalism composed of a plural environmentalist view or to the perspective of a developing environmentalism, and they cogitate the existence of a moderate preservationism or a real change of concept. Services on Demand Journal. This definition of indirect use involves serious limitations, since it is almost impossible to identify any production activity that does not imply at least consumption or collection. The bibliographic and documentary surveys allowed investigating the possible origin and the inspiration to define the category as well as its reflection in reality, based on the analysis of the existing federal RVS creation goals.
This exception was kept in Snuv publication, and the cultivation of compatible plants was also added to it change made by Gabeira’s clean bill. Pureza shows another understanding of the possible inspiration for the RVS category definition. Instrumental rationality may be defined as the economic and technological rationality system of beliefs, values, actions and production standards that sustains the modern capitalist and, therefore, dominant society LEFF, Faced with the difficulties in managing CUs of a very complex, unknown and rare category, environmental analysts assigned to federal RVS started, ina movement to discuss the standards and guidelines for the management of this category.
The new Constitution was promulgated in and it had a specific chapter on the environment.
According to the author, the different CU types were born from multiple factors, namely: It encompassed, among its goals, the management of the hitherto existing conservation units National Parks, Biological Reserves and National Forests.
It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were being discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas. Innovations for conservation and development. This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later. Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Sunc Ordinance No.